Takhte Soleyman (the Solomon Throne)
Takhte Soleyman and its ancient monuments are considered as one of precious ancient Iran inheritance. The Takhte Soleyman complex is located on a natural platform twenty meters higher than the surrounding field. All parts of this complex are built inside an oval-shaped fort which is round the platform.
According to archaeological excavations and historical researches, one of three important Sasanid’s fire-temples had been sited in this area. Takhte Soleyman is 45 kilometers northeast of Takab district near Miyan Doab. Khosro Parviz II erected another palace near it and used it some days during the year.
The Azargoshasb or Shahriyaran fire-temple was destroyed in the Heraclius attack (the east Byzantine emperor) in 624 AD. Takhte Soleyman sites in 45 kilometers north east of Takab district of Miyandoab city.
Qare Kelisa (church)-Chalduran
This church is also called as Holy Tadi and is in Qare Kelisa village in the environs of Siyah Cheshme-Chalduran.
Seh Gonbad (three domes) is a remainder of Seljuk period which was built by an architect called “Mansur ibn Mosa” in 580 A.H. This building consists of two parts each with a different entrance: a crypt and a prayer place. The most important characteristic of Seh Gonbad is its two ornamental frames in the northern side of the building with Kofi inscriptions and vaulted decorations.
Hasanlu is renowned for its Iron II occupation (1000–800 BCE), when the settlement included a fortified citadel (High Mound) and a surrounding lower town and cemeteries (Low Mound). The Iron II settlement had been sacked and burned ca. 800 BCE, effectively providing a frozen moment in time, with incredible preservation of the buildings, artifacts, and the victims of the attack. When Hasanlu was defeated ca. 800 BC, the attackers were intent on annihilating the settlement. Neighboring settlement mounds also bear evidence of destruction, suggesting that a large-scale military campaign targeted the valley. Once the attackers breached the citadel’s defenses, they systematically executed the inhabitants in the western sector nearest the gates. The killing was indiscriminate — men, women, and children were brutally murdered.
As the attackers reached the inner citadel, the settlement was burning and the enemy had driven many of the residents into the Lower Court area where they were killed or perished in the burning and collapsing buildings. The attackers were intent on looting the riches of the temples, arsenals, and monumental residential structures, and not all of them may have survived the conflagration. The famous Hasanlu gold bowl was found with three soldiers who perished in the flames.
In some instances bodies had been stripped of their possessions and others were mutilated. The attackers decapitated many of their victims or cut off their left hands, perhaps as a means of claiming kills after the battle. We are not sure who attacked Hasanlu, but circumstantial evidence points to the Urartians of the Lake Van region. Hasanlu was destroyed when Urartu’s chief rival, Assyria, was weak. Following a period of abandonment, an Urartian fortress was constructed atop the ruins of the destroyed citadel. Many of Hasanlu’s residents were trapped in burning and collapsing buildings during the attack on the city. These skeletons were found at the north entrance to Burned Building II, one of the temples in the Lower court area of the citadel.